Hatha Yoga is also known as Hatha Vidya is a system of Yoga introduced by sage Yogi Swatmarama, of 15th century
, and author of the ‘Hatha Yoga Pradipika’. Hatha Yoga is a strong practice for physical purification of the body. The word Hatha is the combination of the words ‘Ha’ and ‘Tha’ in Sanskrit. The word ‘Ha’ means sun and ‘Tha’ means moon. India
The word "hatha" means forceful. Hatha yoga follows the same principles as the Raja Yoga and it’s including moral restraint yama and spiritual observances niyama.
Hatha Yoga is combination of a series of asanas, or postures and pranayama, or breathing. The main purposes of Asanas are to prepare the body in one position for long stages of meditation. They are also intended to purify and regulate the flow of energy in the body. There are more than two hundred different asanas that related to every area of the body. Vivid postures may involve sitting, reclining, inversions, forward and back bends, twists, and positions held for long periods of time for balance.
Another facet of Hatha Yoga is pranayama, or breathing. Different breathing techniques include abdominal breathing, alternate nostril breathing, and Ujjayi breathing.
Hatha Yoga has several benefits. It promotes focus, concentration and relaxes tense muscles. It increases strength and flexibility. The regular practice of Hatha yoga poses strengthens your internal organs, and helps to prevent the diseases like diabetes, arthritis, and hypertension. You can get good physical, ability, spiritual, and mental results with Hatha Yoga.